German troops fight their way into Stalingrad Volgograd on the Volga River by mid-September and penetrate deep into the Caucasus after securing the Crimean Peninsula. October 23—24, British troops defeat the Germans and Italians at El Alamein in Egypt, sending the Axis forces in chaotic retreat across Libya to the eastern border of Tunisia.
The failure of the Vichy French troops to defend against the invasion enables the Allies to move swiftly to the western border of Tunisia, and triggers the German occupation of southern France on November November 23, —February 2, Soviet troops counterattack, breaking through the Hungarian and Romanian lines northwest and southwest of Stalingrad and trapping the German Sixth Army in the city. Forbidden by Hitler to retreat or try to break out of the Soviet ring, the survivors of the Sixth Army surrender on January 30 and February 2, The Soviets blunt the attack within a week and begin an offensive initiative of their own.
July 10, US and British troops land on Sicily. By mid-August, the Allies control Sicily. September 8, The Badoglio government surrenders unconditionally to the Allies. The Germans immediately seize control of Rome and northern Italy, establishing a puppet Fascist regime under Mussolini, who is freed from imprisonment by German commandos on September January 22, Allied troops land successfully near Anzio, just south of Rome. June 4, Allied troops liberate Rome.
Within six weeks, Anglo-American bombers could hit targets in eastern Germany for the first time. July 25, Anglo-American forces break out of the Normandy beachhead and race eastward towards Paris. August 1, —October 5, The non-communist underground Home Army rises up against the Germans in an effort to liberate Warsaw before the arrival of Soviet troops.
The Soviet advance halts on the east bank of the Vistula. On October 5, the Germans accept the surrender of the remnants of the Home Army forces fighting in Warsaw. August 15, Allied forces land in southern France near Nice and advance rapidly towards the Rhine River to the northeast. August 20—25, Allied troops reach Paris. By September, the Allies reach the German border; by December, virtually all of France, most of Belgium, and part of the southern Netherlands are liberated. August 23, The appearance of Soviet troops on the Prut River induces the Romanian opposition to overthrow the Antonescu regime.
Documents Related to World War II
The new government concludes an armistice and immediately switches sides in the war. August 29, —October 28, Under the leadership of the Slovak National Council, consisting of both Communists and non-Communists, underground Slovak resistance units rise against the Germans and the indigenous fascist Slovak regime. September 12, Finland concludes an armistice with the Soviet Union, leaving the Axis partnership.
December 16, The Germans launch a final offensive in the west, known as the Battle of the Bulge , in an attempt to re-conquer Belgium and split the Allied forces along the German border. By January 1, , the Germans are in retreat. January 12, The Soviets launch a new offensive, liberating Warsaw and Krakow in January, capturing Budapest after a two-month siege on February 13, driving the Germans and their Hungarian collaborators out of Hungary in early April, forcing the surrender of Slovakia with the capture of Bratislava on April 4, and capturing Vienna on April The top Ustasa leaders flee to Italy and Austria.
Records Relating to the Katyn Forest Massacre at the National Archives
May Allied troops conquer Okinawa, the last island stop before the Japanese islands. September 2, Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, , Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II.
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Summary of events
You are searching in English. Tags Find topics of interest and explore encyclopedia content related to those topics. Browse A-Z Find articles, photos, maps, films, and more listed alphabetically. For Teachers Recommended resources and topics if you have limited time to teach about the Holocaust. About This Site. Glossary : Full Glossary. More information about this image. September 18, Japan invades Manchuria.
April 7—15, Fascist Italy invades and annexes Albania. September 17, The Soviet Union invades Poland from the east. September 9, Allied troops land on the beaches of Salerno near Naples. November 6, Soviet troops liberate Kiev. October 20, US troops land in the Philippines.
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